Moral AI in the News: Human/AI Interfaces

As artificial intelligence develops to help humans externally, some researchers and entrepreneurs have taken an interest in bringing humanity and machines closer together by installing AI directly into the human body. By integrating artificial and natural intelligence, people would be able to accomplish various tasks more easily and instinctively than they are currently able, from accessing information stored in technology to controlling devices without external mechanisms to communicating brain-to-brain with other modified people. The neural prostheses are in early stages of development, as currently the only ways to allow the brain to communicate with external hardware directly is through surgically implanted devices that generally have outputs that are too specific to be useful for the ambitious projects various experts have proposed. Elon Musk notably joined the scientists and engineers working to combine the human brain with AI when he took a lead position at Neuralink earlier in 2017. He and his colleagues aim to internalize AI in part to counter the possible negative outcomes of AI becoming more dominant and powerful. Whether and when it will be possible to neurally link humans and machines is still uncertain, as well as how the prostheses could work such that they would be relatively easy to install and inexpensive enough that they would not massively exacerbate class division.

6/15/15 Article on how neural lace works and what the prototypes are able to accomplish: http://gizmodo.com/scientists-just-invented-the-neural-lace-1711540938

12/12/15 Article on Open AI, Elon Musk’s project to help prevent AI from developing in opposition to human interest: http://nerdist.com/elon-musk-announces-openai-a-non-profit-to-help-prevent-skynet/

1/31/17 Article on Mindflix, a project to develop a mind-technology interface to allow users to control Netflix mentally: https://www.inverse.com/article/27166-mindflix-netflix-hack-day-2017-bing-watching

2/15/17 Article mentions several examples of brain-computer interfaces in development for corporate and military use: https://www.inverse.com/article/27872-darpa-merge-human-computer-neural-interfaces

3/6/17 Report on Baxter, an AI that takes feedback directly from human communication about its errors: https://www.inverse.com/article/28694-robot-mistake-eeg-brain-wave-error-baxter-correct-real-time

3/27/17 Article gives an overview of some medical brain-computer interfaces being developed and the challenges they will face: http://www.theverge.com/2017/3/27/15077864/elon-musk-neuralink-brain-computer-interface-ai-cyborgs

3/27/17 Article provides an investigation about what is known about Neuralink so far, including Elon Musk’s possible goals for it and some involved persons: http://www.geekwire.com/2017/elon-musk-neuralink-ai-brain-computer/

3/27/17 Article on Elon Musk’s endeavors with mention of his motivation for starting Neuralink: http://nerdist.com/elon-musk-founds-new-company-neuralink-to-turn-us-all-into-cyborgs/

3/27/17 Brief article provides an investigation about what is known about Neuralink so far, including Elon Musk’s possible goals for it and some involved persons: https://www.engadget.com/2017/03/27/elon-musk-neuralink-ai-cranial-computing/

3/27/17 Article about the recent announcement about Elon Musk’s involvement with Neuralink, with a description of how it might use neural lace for medical purposes and Musk’s goals: https://www.inverse.com/article/29587-neuralink-elon-musk

3/27/17 Article about Neuralink and how its neural lace might work, as well as Musk’s expected timeline on being able to inject technology into people’s brains: https://www.inverse.com/article/29568-elon-musk-neural-lace-five-years

3/28/17 Article about Musk’s belief that a neural lace system is needed to improve humans’ speed: http://money.cnn.com/2017/03/28/technology/musk-neuralink-brains-computers-ai/

3/28/17 Article on the possible goals of Neuralink to increase the speed and efficiency of humans by connecting them with technology: http://www.wired.co.uk/article/elon-musk-neuralink

3/28/17 Article addresses Musk’s goals of focusing on the input/output constraints of humanity’s interactions with technology: http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/28/521763351/elon-musk-seen-targeting-human-computer-link-in-new-venture

3/29/17 Opinion piece questions whether AI-based human enhancement will benefit humanity in general or only the wealthy, thus making inequality between rich and poor more pronounced: http://www.cnbc.com/2017/03/29/elon-musks-neuralink-could-help-rich-people-get-richer-commentary.html

3/31/17 Article on several brain-machine interface projects, with an interview with David Eagleman on the likelihood of implanting anything into the brain to artificially enhance it in healthy people: https://www.wired.com/2017/03/elon-musks-neural-lace-really-look-like/

4/12/17 Article with interviews from various neuroscientists working on project related to hAI human augmentation and neural lace about how Neuralink’s project might work, purposes it might be used for, and some potential medical difficulties: http://spectrum.ieee.org/the-human-os/biomedical/devices/5-neuroscience-experts-weigh-in-on-elon-musks-mysterious-neural-lace-company

4/13/17 Article on the logistical difficulties Neuralink is likely to encounter: http://www.livescience.com/58670-elon-musk-neuralink-brain-hacking-feasibility.html

4/20/17 Very long and in-depth article on Neuralink. The article provides background information on neuroscience, the evolution of human civilization and the “Human Colossus,” and AI. It includes interviews from the author with Elon Musk and other Neuralink team members, and describes the reason for the company’s existence, the possible future of the company and related technologies, and the next years of human development: http://waitbutwhy.com/2017/04/neuralink.html#part1

 

Image from http://gizmodo.com/scientists-just-invented-the-neural-lace-1711540938

 

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